Dusit Palace is a large, spacious complex of Palaces, mansions and throne halls build in Bangkok at the start of the 20th century.
The Grand Palace had been the residence of Thai Kings since the founding of the Rattanakosin Kingdom and its capital Bangkok in 1782. With the number of buildings and residents growing at the Grand Palace, King Chulalongkorn (Rama V) decided to have a new Palace build.
King Chulalongkorn was the first Thai King to visit Europe in 1897. During his travels he became inspired by some of the European Palaces he saw with broad boulevards and large, spacious parks.
Towards the end of the 19th century the King acquired farmland in the Dusit area to the North of the old Palace. The new Dusit Palace was build on a very large area with more than a dozen Palaces, throne halls, Royal mansions and other structures.
The complex was initially named Suan Dusit, which means “heavenly garden” and was later renamed to Dusit Palace. The style of some of the structures show strong European influence, like the Renaissance style Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall, while others are in traditional Thai style. Today many of the Palace buildings have been turned into museums, some of which are open to the public. Currently the Dusit complex is about 16 acres large; the former Royal gardens named Khao Din Wana were turned into the Dusit Zoo in 1938.
Buildings of Dusit Palace
There are over a dozen Palaces, Throne Halls, Royal Mansions and other structures at the Dusit Palace complex.
Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall
The impressive and elegant Italian Renaissance style Ananta Samakhom Throne Hall is probably the most eye catching of all structures. Approaching Dusit Palace from Ratchadamnoen Nok road the Palace sits at the end of a wide boulevard. A statue of King Chulalongkorn on horseback at the Royal Plaza reminds of the Palace builder.
Vimanmek Royal Teak Mansion
The Vimanmek Royal Teak Mansion is an all teak wooden building used by King Rama V as his personal living quarters that has now been turned into a museum. The museum holds a large number of personal items that belonged to King Rama V and it provides an excellent opportunity to see the way the Thai Royals lived at the start of the 20th century.
Suan Hong Residential Hall
The Suan Hong Residential Hall was the residence of Queen Savang Vadhana, one of King Chulalongkorn’s consorts. It is also known as “the Swan Garden”, named after the swan that is the mount of Brahma, the Hindu God of creation. The green, two storey building is decorated with intricate wood carvings.
On display are models and photos of the Royal barges and Royal barges procession, photos of the life of HRH Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn, the ordination to monkhood of King Rama IX and the Crown Prince.
Also displayed are photos of important ceremonies in Thailand, such as the annual ploughing ceremony at Sanam Luang to mark the start of the rainy season and rice planting time and other Royal ceremonies like the Royal Swing ceremony, the Royal Investiture and the Royal Tonsure ceremony. Early 2013 the Hall was closed to the public.
Abhisek Dusit Throne Hall
The Abhisek Dusit Throne Hall was build in 1904. It was used to receive important foreign visitors of King Chulalongkorn and as a banquet hall. The single storey, ornate building is decorated with intricate carved flower motifs on its panels and with stained glass windows.
During the early 1990’s the building was renovated and turned into a museum displaying works of traditional Thai art and handicrafts. In 1993 the King and Queen opened the museum sponsored by the SUPPORT foundation. The foundation that was initiated by HM Queen Sirikit aims at preserving traditional Thai handicrafts and the skills to produce them. Among the items on display are niello ware, gold and silver objects sculpted and intricately decorated with various designs, necklaces, brooches, Thai silk items in several designs and colors, wood carvings, soap carvings and silver and gold inlaid items.
Tamnak Ho Throne Hall
The Tamnak Ho Throne Hall, that is also known the “newlyweds residential hall” was initially part of the Bang Khun Phrom Palace on the banks of the Chao Phraya river. The green, two storey structure was build by King Chulalongkorn for the wedding of his son, HRH Prince Paribatra Sukhumbhand and his wife in 1903.
The building was dismantled and rebuild at its current location in the Dusit Palace complex in 1998. Today the building houses personal items that belonged to Queen Rambhai Barni (the wife of King Rama VII) and pottery from the Sukhothai and Ayutthaya era, that were discovered in shipwrecks found in the Gulf of Thailand. Early 2013 the Hall was closed to the public.